July 1, 2022 – Ballotpedia News

Here’s our weekly roundup of election-related legislation. You will find the following information there:

  • Remarkable invoices: Here, we identify and report on the content and legislative status of notable bills.
  • recent activity: Here we report the number of bills processed in the past week.
  • The big picture: Here, we look at the invoices as a whole.
    • Legislative status: How many bills have been tabled, voted on or promulgated?
    • Activity concentration: Which States Have Experienced the Highest Concentration of Legislative Activity?
    • Supporter Affiliation of Sponsorship: How many bills have been sponsored by Democrats against Republicans?
    • Matter: What topics are most often addressed in bills?

Remarkable invoices

This part of our report highlights recent activity on noteworthy bills. An invoice is remarkable if it meets one or more of the following criteria:

  • It has been enacted into law.
  • It is about to be enacted into law.
  • It is the subject of significant debate within the legislative body.
  • It is the subject of significant comments from activists, journalists, etc.

MB HB1878: This bill makes a number of changes to state election laws, including, but not limited to, the following:

  • Authorizes the Secretary of State to conduct quarterly audits of the state’s voter registration list and directs election officials to remove the names of ineligible voters from the list;
  • Prohibited from changing state election laws within 26 weeks of a presidential election;
  • Prohibits election officials, both at the state and local levels, from accepting or expending private funds for the purpose of administering elections;
  • Requires voters to “declare political party affiliation among established political parties or declare themselves unaffiliated” upon registration;
  • Allows voters to file change of address forms after the registration deadline, up to and including election day, provided they can present photo identification for this purpose;
  • Prohibits payment to solicit voter registration applications;
  • Requires entities soliciting more than 10 voter registration applications to register with the Secretary of State;
  • Requires the use of paper ballots;
  • Discontinue the use of touchscreen direct-record electronic vote counters, effective January 1, 2024;
  • Requires election authorities to conduct cybersecurity reviews once every two years;
  • Prohibits the use of absentee ballots by executive or administrative order;
  • Clarifies that photo ID is required to vote by ordinary ballot or by mail/mail-in-person;
  • Eliminates primary presidential preference, instead providing for the use of caucuses to determine presidential candidates; and
  • Prohibits public officials from entering into a settlement in any civil action that “vacates, stays, enjoins, modifies, or conflicts” with state election laws and authorizes the state legislature to intervene in such action.

Legislative history and statute: The state Senate approved the final version of the bill on May 9 by a vote of 23 to 11, with 23 Republicans voting in favor of the bill and 10 Democrats and one Republican voting against the bill . The State House followed suit on May 12 by a vote of 97 to 46, with 96 Republicans and one Democrat voting in favor and 46 Democrats voting against the bill. Governor Mike Parson (R) signed into law HB1878 on June 29.

Political context: Missouri is a Republican trifecta, meaning Republicans control the governorship and majorities in both houses of the state legislature.

recent activity

Since June 24, 48 bills have been dealt with in some way (a decrease of 38.5% from last week’s total of 78 bills). These 48 invoices represent 1.9% of the 2,521 invoices we track. Of these 48 bills, 34 (70.8%) are from Democratic tier states, 9 (18.8%) are from Republican tier states, and 5 (10.4%) are from split governments.

The bar chart below compares recent activity on a weekly basis over the past eight weeks.

  • 2 bills have been tabled or have been the subject of pre-committee action (eg, new sponsor added, sub-committee hearing scheduled, etc.).
    • Democratic Trifecta: 1.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 5 bills were advanced by committee (or were subject to post-committee action).
    • Democratic trifecta: 4.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 18 bills were passed by one chamber (or were the subject of pre-passage action in the second chamber).
    • Democratic trifecta: 17.
    • Divided governments: 1.
  • 2 bills are in parliamentary committees.
    • Republican Trifecta: 2.
      • AZ-HB2710: Listings; counting procedures; observers; verification.
      • AZ SB1259: Recount; requests; procedures; audits.
  • 12 bills were passed by both houses (or were implemented in some way after being passed by both houses).
    • Democratic trifecta: 8.
      • AC SB131: November 8, 2022, national general election: ballot measures.
      • FROM SB320: An Act to amend title 15 of the Delaware code relating to elections.
      • New Jersey A1969: Allows minors to serve as election workers between 5:30 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. on election days.
      • New Jersey A3817: Requires ballot secrecy sleeves at polling place; makes various changes to the early voting and mail-in voting procedures.
      • NJ A3820: Prohibits unaffiliated voters from receiving absentee ballots for primary elections; require election officials to provide such voters with certain notices; prohibits mail-in ballot envelopes from containing a visible political affiliation or designation for certain elections.
      • NJ A3822: Modifies the deadlines for sending postal ballots; requires certain ballot survey reports; allows for the establishment of a pick-up schedule for certain absentee ballots; removes the ability to change party affiliation at MVC.
      • New Jersey A3823: Provides additional processes to maintain voter lists; enables remote training of election workers; removes election commission salaries from the two percent cap on spending increases; exempts the remuneration of election workers from taxation.
      • New Jersey A3929: Allows certain voters residing abroad to vote in certain elections in this state based on their residence abroad or their intention to return.
    • Republican Trifecta: 3.
      • AZ-HB2243: Voting register; state residence; cancelation.
      • AZ-SB1255: Lieutenant Governor; functions; ballot.
      • NH HB1567: Relating to the removal of election officials.
    • Divided governments: 1.
      • PA SB573: In district election officers, further providing for the appointment of observers; and, in the Penalties, further providing for the refusal to authorize Wardens, Wardens, Advocates or Candidates to act and to obstruct or delay the performance of their duties.
  • 8 bills were enacted.
    • Democratic trifecta: 4.
      • New York A07933: Includes people who do not identify exclusively as a gender binary in eligibility for party office.
      • NY S00253: Refers to ballots where the express intention of the voter is unambiguous.
      • IR H6656: Postal ballots.
      • IR S2118: Postal ballots.
    • Republican trifecta: 4.
      • AZ UNHCR2015: Initiatives; super-majority voting; requirement.
      • AZ SCR1024: Lieutenant Governor; common ticket.
      • NH HB514: Relating to ballot box rotation.
      • NH SB364: Relating to the use of electronic poll books.
  • 1 bill was vetoed.
    • Divided governments: 1.
      • THE HB359: Provides advice on federal elections and financing.

The map below visualizes the concentration of this recent activity across the country. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been processed in the past week. A lighter shade of yellow indicates a lower number of bills that have been processed in the past week.

The big picture

To date, we have tracked 2,521 election-related bills. This represents a marginal increase from last week’s 2,519 bills. These bills were either introduced this year or stemmed from last year’s legislative sessions.

Legislative status

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of the bills we track. The following status indicators are used:

  • Introduced: The bill has been pre-introduced, introduced or referred to a committee, but has not otherwise been implemented.
  • Committee progress: The bill received a favorable vote in committee. He either moved forward to another committee or upstairs for a vote.
  • Passed a room: The bill has been approved by a legislative chamber.
  • Conference Committee: Different versions of the bill were approved by their respective houses and a committee of the conference was appointed to reconcile the differences.
  • Passed the two chambers: The bill cleared both houses of the legislature.
  • Adopted: The bill was signed into law, by the action or inaction of the governor or the overriding of the veto.
  • Veto: The bill was vetoed.
  • dead: The bill was rejected in committee or by a vote in the room.

The pie charts below visualize the legislative status of bills in the Democratic and Republican trifectas, respectively.

Activity concentration

The map below visualizes the concentration of legislative activity across the country. A darker shade of yellow indicates a higher number of relevant bills that have been introduced. A lighter shade of yellow indicates fewer relevant invoices.

Partisan Affiliation of Sponsor(s)

The pie chart below visualizes the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors.

The bar graph below visualizes the correlation between the partisan affiliation of bill sponsors and trifecta status (e.g. how many Democratic-sponsored bills made it into Democratic trifectas compared to trifectas Republicans).

Invoices by topic

The table below presents information on the total number of bills dealing with particular subjects. The number on the blue portion of each bar indicates the number of Democratic-sponsored bills dealing with the topic in question. The number on the red portion of the bar indicates the number of Republican-sponsored bills. The purple and gray portions of the bar indicate the number of bills sponsored by two parties and bills with unspecified sponsorship, respectively. Note that the numbers given here will not, when added together, equal the total number of bills, as some bills deal with more than one subject.

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